PCI Evol Biol was launched in January 2017. It is a community of recommenders playing the role of editors who recommend unpublished articles based on peer-reviews to make them complete, reliable and citable articles, without the need for publication in ‘traditional’ journals. Evaluation and recommendation by PCI Evol Biol are free of charge. When a recommender decides to recommend an article, he/she writes a recommendation text that is published along with all the editorial correspondence (reviews, recommender's decisions, authors’ replies) by PCI Evol Biol. The article itself is not published by PCI Evol Biol; it remains in the preprint server where it has been posted by the authors. PCI Evol Biol recommenders can also recommend, but to a lesser extent, postprints.
PCI Evol Biol is a community of the parent project Peer Community In, an original idea of Denis Bourguet, Benoit Facon and Thomas Guillemaud.
PCI Evol Biol is not designed to be a free peer-reviewing service for authors aiming to improve their articles before submission to a journal. It is, of course, possible, for authors to then submit their recommended article to a traditional journal, but this is not the goal of PCI Evol Biol.
PCI Evol Biol is stimulating: it recommends remarkable articles.
PCI Evol Biol is free: there are no fees associated with the evaluation process, and no charge for access to the comments and recommendations. The website is freely accessible.
PCI Evol Biol is transparent: Reviews and recommendations (for unpublished articles) and recommendations (for published articles) are freely available for consultation. Recommendations are signed by the recommenders. Reviews may also be signed if the reviewers agree to do so.
PCI Evol Biol is not exclusive: An article may be recommended by different Peer Communities in X (a feature of particular interest for articles relating to multidisciplinary studies) and may even be published in a traditional journal (although this is not the goal of PCI Evol Biol).
Managing board of PCI Evol Biol
Guillaume Achaz (Paris, MNHN, ISyEB, France) Juan Arroyo (Seville, University of Seville, Spain) Nadia Aubin-Horth (Université Laval, Canada) Trine Bilde (Aarhus University, Denmark) Dustin Brisson (University of Pennsylvania, USA) Marianne Elias (Paris, MNHN, ISEB, France) Inês Fragata (University of Lisbon, Portugal) Matteo Fumagalli (Imperial College London, UK) Tatiana Giraud (Orsay, ESE, France) Frédéric Guillaume (University of Helsinki, Finland) Ruth Hufbauer (Fort Collins, Colorado S. Univ., USA) Sara Magalhaes (University of Lisbon, Portugal) Caroline Nieberding (UCLouvain, Belgium) Xavier Pico (Estación Biológica de Doñana, Spain) Michael David Pirie (University of Bergen, Norway) Tanja Pyhäjärvi (University of Helsinki, Finland) Tanja Schwander (University of Lausanne, Switzerland) Alejandro Gonzalez Voyer (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico)
PCI Evol Biol will evaluate preprints, and to a lesser extent postprints, dealing with all fields of Evolutionary Biology and in particular with these subjects: Adaptation, Behavior & Social Evolution, Bioinformatics & Computational Biology, Evo-Devo, Evolutionary Applications, Evolutionary Dynamics, Evolutionary Ecology, Evolutionary Epidemiology, Evolutionary Theory, Experimental Evolution, Expression Studies, Genetic conflicts, Genome Evolution, Genotype-Phenotype, Human Evolution, Hybridization / Introgression, Life History, Macroevolution, Molecular Evolution, Morphological Evolution, Non Genetic Inheritance, Paleontology, Phenotypic Plasticity, Phylogenetics / Phylogenomics, Phylogeography & Biogeography, Population Genetics / Genomics, Quantitative Genetics, Reproduction and Sex, Sexual Selection, Speciation, Species interactions, Systematics / Taxonomy.
The articles recommended may have diverse formats: reviews, comments, opinion papers, research articles, data papers, technical notes, computer notes, movies, etc. No editing, formatting or proofing of the recommended papers is required but we provide the authors with a template if they want to format their article. We also ask the authors of recommended article to add a sentence in the acknowledgements stating that their article has been recommended by PCI Evol Biol.
PCI Evol Biol welcomes anonymous submissions (see details).
PCI Evol Biol also welcomes submissions of preregistrations (see details).
PCI Evol Biol recommends preprints addressing evolutionary questions about all types of organisms. We cover all fields of biology, provided that the context of the study and the key question addressed relate to evolution. The preprint must not be published or under consideration for evaluation elsewhere at the time of its submission to PCI Evol Biol.
The preprints recommended may describe empirical or theoretical studies, and be based on observations from experiments or nature, or previously acquired data. They may also report the results of verbal, computer or mathematical models. Studies of methodologies for evolutionary biology are also appreciated. Perspectives, reviews and opinions, as well as comments on previously published articles are also welcome.
PCI Evol Biol recommends only preprints of high scientific quality that are methodologically and ethically sound. To this end, PCI Evol Biol: - Requires data, computer codes and mathematical and statistical analysis scripts to be made available to reviewers and recommenders at the time of submission and to readers after recommendation. - Welcomes reproductions of studies. - Welcomes preregistration submissions and preprint submissions based on preregistrations (whether or not reviewed) - Welcomes preprints reporting negative results, provided that the questions addressed and the methodology are sound. - Does not accept submissions of preprints presenting financial conflicts of interest. Other conflicts of interest must be minimal and declared. - Ensures that, as far as possible, the reviewers and referees have no conflict of interest with the content or authors of the study being evaluated.
PCI Evol Biol does not guarantee the evaluation or recommendation of all submitted preprints. Only preprints considered interesting by at least one competent recommender (equivalent to an associate editor in a classical journal) will be peer-reviewed. The interest of the preprint, as determined by the recommender, can relate to its context, the scientific question addressed, the methodology, or the results. PCI Evol Biol has a large number of recommenders, ensuring a considerable diversity of interests. The recommendations published by PCI Evol Biol are designed to draw the attention of the research community to the qualities of the article, including the subjective reasons for the recommender’s interest in it.
Peer Community In promotes the repeatability of science
PCI wants to promote scientific repeatability to improve the overall robustness and integrity of our scientific conclusions. To this aim, PCI has set up 3 mandatory rules and made 2 suggestions to authors:
Articles recommended by PCI must provide the readers: -Raw data by making them available either in the text or through an open data repository such as Zenodo, Dryad or some other institutional repositories (see Directory of Open Access Repositories). Data must be reusable, thus metadata and accompanying text must carefully describe the data. -Details on the quantitative analyses (e.g., data treatment and statistical scripts in R, bioinformatic pipeline scripts, etc.) and details concerning simulations (scripts, codes) in the text, as appendices, or through an open data repository, such as Zenodo, Dryad or some other institutional repositories (see Directory of Open Access Repositories). The scripts or codes must be carefully described such that another researcher can run them. -Details on experimental procedures. These details must be given in the text or as appendices at the end of the article.
Suggestions to authors:
-PCI encourages authors to use preregistrations: Authors may post their research questions and analysis plan to an independent registry before observing the research outcomes, and thus before writing and submitting their article. This provides a way for them to clarify their hypotheses, avoid confusing “postdictions” and predictions, and carefully plan appropriate statistical treatment of the data (eg see 10.1073/pnas.1708274114). -PCI also welcomes submissions of preregistrations. Authors can submit their preregistrations to a PCI before beginning their study, and thus before acquiring the data. Preregistrations are then evaluated by recommenders based on independent reviews, in exactly the same way as preprint articles. Preregistrations can thus be rejected or undergo revisions, improving the quality and robustness of the experimental design. When a preregistration is accepted, the subsequent article submitted to the corresponding PCI would be recommended provided the study has been conducted as described in the preregistration (or with any modifications clearly justified). In this way, an article cannot be rejected due to the outcome of the study only. Details on preregistration submissions can be found for example here.
PCI Evol Biol friendly journals
The Editors-in-Chief of the following journals have indicated (or have been asked by their scientific Society) they will consider submissions of articles recommended by a PCI and that they may use PCI reviews and recommendations for their own review processes, if appropriate:
PLoS Biology PeerJ eLife Trends in Ecology and Evolution Evolution Trends in Plant Science Global Ecology and Biogeography Ecology Letters Evolution Letters OIKOS BMC Evolutionary Biology Molecular Ecology Journal of Evolutionary Biology Nordic Journal of Botany Journal of Avian Biology Evolutionary Applications Frontiers of Biogeography Journal of Biogeography Evolutionary Ecology Ecography Genetica Rethinking Ecology Molecular Ecology Resources
Attention! The following journals are NOT PCI friendly (they would not accept preprints recommended by PCI as submissions): American Naturalist Behavioral Ecology Cladistics
PCI Evol Biol is indexed by
Peer Community In is member of
Inclusiveness and equity
PCI is attentive to equity and inclusion at all steps of the process of scientific article evaluation. PCI focuses on bringing more people underrepresented in academia among authors submitting to PCI, and reviewers, recommenders and managing board members working for PCI. Underrepresentation is hereby linked to many factors including career stage, gender and geography.
Specific recommendations are made to reviewers, recommenders and managing board members to increase equity and inclusiveness in each of their tasks.
Tools to increase equity and inclusiveness:
-Possibility to submit articles anonymously
-Transparency in the evaluation of articles
-Managing Board members take into account underrepresentation in academia when appointing new recommenders
-Template messages to recommenders and reviewers include recommendations about equity and inclusiveness
-Possibility to review anonymously
PCI is signatory of the Joint Statement of Principles of the Coalition for Diversity and Inclusion in Scholarly Communication (C4DISC, https://c4disc.org/principles/)