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Co-obligate symbioses have repeatedly evolved across aphids, but partner identity and nutritional contributions vary across lineagesuse asterix (*) to get italics
Alejandro Manzano-Marín, Armelle Coeur d'acier, Anne-Laure Clamens, Corinne Cruaud, Valérie Barbe, Emmanuelle JousselinPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;">Aphids are a large family of phloem-sap feeders. They typically rely on a single bacterial endosymbiont, <em>Buchnera aphidicola</em>, to supply them with essential nutrients lacking in their diet. This association with <em>Buchnera</em> was described in model aphid species from the Aphidinae subfamily and has been assumed to be representative of most aphids. However, in two lineages, <em>Buchnera</em> has lost some essential symbiotic functions and is now complemented by additional symbionts. Though these cases break our view of aphids harbouring a single obligate endosymbiont, we know little about the extent, nature, and evolution of these associations across aphid subfamilies. Here, using metagenomics on 25 aphid species from nine subfamilies, re-assembly and re-annotation of 20 aphid symbionts previously sequenced, and 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing on 223 aphid samples (147 species from 12 subfamilies), we show that dual symbioses have evolved anew at least six times. We also show that these secondary co-obligate symbionts have typically evolved from facultative symbiotic taxa. Genome-based metabolic inference confirms interdependencies between <em>Buchnera</em> and its partners for the production of essential nutrients but shows contributions vary across pairs of co-obligate associates. Fluorescent <em>in situ</em> hybridisation microscopy shows a common bacteriocyte localisation of two newly acquired symbionts. Lastly, patterns of <em>Buchnera</em> genome evolution reveal that small losses affecting a few key genes can be the onset of these dual systems, while large gene losses can occur without any co-obligate symbiont acquisition. Hence, the <em>Buchnera</em>-aphid association, often thought of as exclusive, seems more flexible, with a few metabolic losses having recurrently promoted the establishment of a new co-obligate symbiotic partner.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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symbiont replacement, metabolic complementarity, aphid, nutritional symbiosis, co-obligate symbiont, Buchnera
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Genome Evolution, Other, Species interactions
Nancy A. Moran [], Anna Michalik [], Alex C. C. Wilson [], Davide Sassera [], Yuval Gottlieb [], Aurélien Vigneron [], Aileen Berasategui [], Hassan Salem [], Piotr Łukasik [] No need for them to be recommenders of PCIEvolBiol. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
Lee Henry [], David Monnin [], Jacintha Ellers [], Thierry Hance [], François Renoz [], Raphaella Jackson []e.g. John Doe []
2022-11-16 10:13:37
Olivier Tenaillon