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Distinct patterns of genetic variation at low-recombining genomic regions represent haplotype structureuse asterix (*) to get italics
Jun Ishigohoka, Karen Bascón-Cardozo, Andrea Bours, Janina Fuß, Arang Rhie, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Bettina Haase, William Chow, Joanna Collins, Kerstin Howe, Marcela Uliano-Silva, Olivier Fedrigo, Erich D. Jarvis, Javier Pérez-Tris, Juan Carlos Illera, Miriam LiedvogelPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p>Genetic variation of the entire genome represents population structure, yet individual loci can show distinct patterns. Such deviations identified through genome scans have often been attributed to effects of selection instead of randomness. This interpretation assumes that long enough genomic intervals average out randomness in underlying genealogies, which represent local genetic ancestries. However, an alternative explanation to distinct patterns has not been fully addressed: too few genealogies to average out the effect of randomness. Specifically, distinct patterns of genetic variation may be due to reduced local recombination rate, which reduces the number of genealogies in a genomic window. Here, we associate distinct patterns of local genetic variation with reduced recombination rates in a songbird, the Eurasian blackcap (*Sylvia atricapilla*), using genome sequences and recombination maps. We find that distinct patterns of local genetic variation reflect haplotype structure at low-recombining regions either shared in most populations or found only in a few populations. At the former species-wide low-recombining regions, genetic variation depicts conspicuous haplotypes segregating in multiple populations. At the latter population-specific low-recombining regions, genetic variation represents variance among cryptic haplotypes within the low-recombining populations. With simulations, we confirm that these distinct patterns of haplotype structure evolve due to reduced recombination rate, on which the effects of selection can be overlaid. Our results highlight that distinct patterns of genetic variation can emerge through evolution of reduced local recombination rate. Recombination landscape as an evolvable trait therefore plays an important role determining the heterogeneous distribution of genetic variation along the genome.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Codes have been used in this study'. URL must start with http:// or https://
recombination landscape, genome scan, local PCA, songbird
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Genome Evolution, Molecular Evolution, Population Genetics / Genomics
Claire Mérot (, Sean Stankowski (, Hopi Hoekstra (, Helena Malmström (, Reto Burri (, Bret Payseur (, Zach Gompert (, Ulrich Knief ( No need for them to be recommenders of PCIEvolBiol. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
e.g. John Doe []
2023-10-13 11:58:47
Matteo Fumagalli