GONÇALVES DA SILVA Lucas's profile
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GONÇALVES DA SILVA Lucas

  • Department of Biology, UFRPE Brazil, Recife, Brazil
  • Adaptation, Evolutionary Ecology, Genome Evolution, Genotype-Phenotype, Hybridization / Introgression, Macroevolution, Molecular Evolution, Population Genetics / Genomics, Speciation, Species interactions

Recommendations:  0

Review:  1

Educational and work
Graduate in Biological Sciences (2007), Master in Ecology and Conservation (2010), PhD in Zoology (2014) and Post-Doc in Molecular and Evolutionary Zoology (2016) by PUCRS. Actually, scentific development researcher - UFRPE, associate reseacher - Biodiversity and Ecology Dpt. PUCRS and associate professor - Biodiversity Conservation Program, URI University. His research activities are related to applied ecology and zoology, biodiversity, conservation biology and natural resources management.

Review:  1

2018-12-13
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Separate the wheat from the chaff: genomic analysis of local adaptation in the red coral Corallium rubrum

Recommended by based on reviews by Lucas Gonçalves da Silva and 1 anonymous reviewer

Pros and Cons of local adaptation scans

The preprint by Pratlong et al. [1] is a well thought quest for genomic regions involved in local adaptation to depth in a species a red coral living the Mediterranean Sea. It first describes a pattern of structuration and then attempts to find candidate genes involved in local adaptation by contrasting deep with shallow populations. Although the pattern of structuration is clear and meaningful, the candidate genomic regions involved in local adaptation remain to be confirmed. Two external reviewers and myself found this preprint particularly interesting regarding the right-mindedness of the authors in front of the difficulties they encounter during their experiments. The discussions on the pros and cons of the approach are very sound and can be easily exported to a large number of studies that hunt for local adaptation. In this sense, the lessons one can learn by reading this well documented manuscript are certainly valuable for a wide range of evolutionary biologists.
More precisely, the authors RAD-sequenced 6 pairs of 'shallow vs deep' samples located in 3 geographical sea areas (Banyuls, Corsica and Marseilles). They were hoping to detect genes involved in the adaptation to depth, if there were any. They start by assessing the patterns of structuration of the 6 samples using PCA and AMOVA [2] and also applied the STRUCTURE [3] assignment software. They show clearly that the samples were mostly differentiated between geographical areas and that only 1 out the 3 areas shows a pattern of isolation by depth (i.e. Marseille). They nevertheless went on and scanned for variants that are highly differentiated in the deep samples when compared to the shallow paired samples in Marseilles, using an Fst outliers approach [4] implemented in the BayeScEnv software [5]. No clear functional signal was in the end detected among the highly differentiated SNPs, leaving a list of candidates begging for complementary data.
The scan for local adaptation using signatures of highly divergent regions is a classical problem of population genetics. It has been applied on many species with various degrees of success. This study is a beautiful example of a well-designed study that did not give full satisfactory answers. Readers will especially appreciate the honesty and the in-depth discussions of the authors while exposing their results and their conclusions step by step.

References

[1] Pratlong, M., Haguenauer, A., Brener, K., Mitta, G., Toulza, E., Garrabou, J., Bensoussan, N., Pontarotti P., & Aurelle, D. (2018). Separate the wheat from the chaff: genomic scan for local adaptation in the red coral Corallium rubrum. bioRxiv, 306456, ver. 3 peer-reviewed and recommended by PCI Evol Biol. doi: 10.1101/306456
[2] Excoffier, L., Smouse, P. E. & Quattro, J. M. (1992). Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics, 131(2), 479-491.
[3] Pritchard, J. K., Stephens, M., & Donnelly, P. (2000). Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics, 155(2), 945-959.
[4] Lewontin, R. C., & Krakauer, J. (1973). Distribution of gene frequency as a test of the theory of the selective neutrality of polymorphisms. Genetics, 74(1), 175-195.
[5] de Villemereuil, P., & Gaggiotti, O. E. (2015). A new FST‐based method to uncover local adaptation using environmental variables. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6(11), 1248-1258. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12418

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GONÇALVES DA SILVA Lucas

  • Department of Biology, UFRPE Brazil, Recife, Brazil
  • Adaptation, Evolutionary Ecology, Genome Evolution, Genotype-Phenotype, Hybridization / Introgression, Macroevolution, Molecular Evolution, Population Genetics / Genomics, Speciation, Species interactions

Recommendations:  0

Review:  1

Educational and work
Graduate in Biological Sciences (2007), Master in Ecology and Conservation (2010), PhD in Zoology (2014) and Post-Doc in Molecular and Evolutionary Zoology (2016) by PUCRS. Actually, scentific development researcher - UFRPE, associate reseacher - Biodiversity and Ecology Dpt. PUCRS and associate professor - Biodiversity Conservation Program, URI University. His research activities are related to applied ecology and zoology, biodiversity, conservation biology and natural resources management.